What is Thrush?
Thrush is a yeast infection that causes white patches in the mouth and tongue. Thrush is most common in infants and the elderly, but can occur at any age.
What causes Thrush?
With such infection, when a yeast called Candida, normally found in the body, grows out of control.
In babies, Candida causes thrush because babies' immune systems are not yet strong enough to control the growth of yeast. Older people get thrush because their immune systems can weaken with age.
Some people get thrush when taking certain medications such as antibiotics or inhaled corticosteroids. People who have health problems such as diabetes or HIV, are also more likely to get thrush.
What are the symptoms?
The most common symptoms of thrush are white patches that stick to the inside of the mouth and tongue. See a picture of thrush.
In infants, it is easy to mistake thrush for milk or formula. It seems that the cottage cheese with milk. Do not try to clean these patches, because it can make it red and sore. Some babies with thrush can be cranky and do not want to eat.
How is thrush diagnosed?
In most cases, doctors can diagnose thrush just by looking at the white spots. Your doctor also will ask about your health. If your doctor thinks that a health problem such as diabetes, may be the cause of Thrush, can also be tested for that condition.
How is it treated?
Thrush in babies is usually not serious, and can be treated with antifungal medications such as nystatin liquid. In most cases, put the medicine directly on the white spots. When a baby has thrush, the yeast can cause a diaper rash at the same time as thrush. Your baby may need nystatin cream or ointment for diaper him or her.
To treat thrush in adults, at first it is likely that drug use that goes directly on the white spots, as a liquid or a pill. If they do not work, your doctor may prescribe an antifungal pill.Read more